TB and Human Rights Resources
A. International Instruments
- ILO et al., Joint Statement on compulsory drug detention and rehabilitation centres, ILO, OHCHR, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNODC, UN Women, WFP, WHO, and UNAIDS (2012). www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=11941&LangID=E.
- UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (1995). www.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/g1smr.htm.
- UN Commission on Human Rights, Access to medication in the context of pandemics such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, Resolutions 2005/23, 2004/26, 2003/29 & 2002/32. www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/HIV/Pages/Documents.aspx.
- UN Commission on the Status of Women, Women, the girl child and HIV and AIDS, Resolution 55/2, E/CN.6/2011/L.3 (2011).
- UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, General Comment No. 17: The right of everyone to benefit from the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author (art. 15 (1) (c)), E/C.12/GC/17 (2006). http://tb.ohchr.org/default.aspx?Symbol=E/C.12/GC/17.
- UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No. 3: HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child, CRC/GC/2003 (2003). http://tb.ohchr.org/default.aspx?Symbol=CRC/GC/2003/3.
- UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Agreed Conclusions of the Commission on the Status of Women on the Critical Areas of Concern of the Beijing Platform for Action 1996-2009, Division for the Advancement of Women, ST/ESA/327 (2010). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/public/agreedconclusions/Agreed-Conclusions-English.pdf.
- UN Economic and Social Council, The Siracusa Principles on the Limitation and Derogation Provisions in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, E/CN.4/1985/4 (1984). www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/siracusaprinciples.html.
- UN General Assembly.
- Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Resolution 3452 (XXX), A/RES/30/3452 (1975). www.un-documents.net/a30r3452.htm.
- Principles of Medical Ethics Relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, Particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, A/RES/37/194 (1982). www.un.org/documents/ga/res/37/a37r194.htm.
- Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment, A/RES/43/173 (1988). www.un.org/documents/ga/res/43/a43r173.htm.
- Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty, A/RES/45/113 (1990). www.un.org/documents/ga/res/45/a45r113.htm.
- United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-custodial Measures [The Tokyo Rules], A/RES/45/110 (1990). www.un.org/documents/ga/res/45/a45r110.htm.
- Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners, A/RES/45/111(1990). www.un.org/documents/ga/res/45/a45r111.htm.
- Report of the Secretary-General on access to medication in the context of pandemics, such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Reports: A/HRC/7/30 (2008), E/CN.4/2006/39 (2006), E/CN.4/2005/38 (2005), E/CN.3/2004/39 (2004), and E/CN.4/2003/48 (2003). www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/HIV/Pages/Documents.aspx.
- Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, A/RES/60/262 (June 15, 2006).
- Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (right to health and informed consent), A/64/272 (2009).
- Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (right to health in the context of access to medicines and intellectual property rights), A/HRC/11/12 (2009).
- United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders [The Bangkok Rules], E/2010/16 (2010). www.un.org/en/ecosoc/docs/2010/res%202010-16.pdf.
- Report of the High Commissioner on the Protection of Human Rights in the Context of HIV and AIDS, A/HRC/19/37 (2011). www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/docs/19session/A.HRC.19.37_en.pdf.
- UN Human Rights Committee, General Comments. www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrc/comments.htm.
- No. 7: Torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (Art. 7) (1982).
- No. 8: Right to liberty and security of persons (Art. 9) (1982).
- No. 9: Humane treatment of persons deprived of liberty (Art. 10) (1982).
- No. 20: Replaces general comment 7 concerning prohibition of torture and cruel treatment or punishment (Art. 7) (1992).
- No. 21: Replaces general comment 9 concerning humane treatment of persons deprived of liberty (Art. 10) (1992).
- No. 27: Freedom of movement (Art.12) (1999).
- No. 29: States of Emergency (Art. 4) (2001).
- UN Human Rights Council.
- Access to medication in the context of pandemics such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, Decision 2/107, A/HRC/DEC/2/107 (2006). http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/E/HRC/decisions/A-HRC-DEC-2-107.doc.
- Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, A/HRC/22/5 (2013). www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/Session22/A.HRC.22.53_English.pdf.
- UN Population Division, Cairo Programme of Action of the United Nations International Conference on Population and Development, A/CONF.171/13 (1994). www.un.org/popin/icpd/conference/offeng/poa.html.
- United Nations, Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, Fourth World Conference on Women (1995). https://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/pdf/BDPfA%20E.pdf.
- WHO, Policy Guidance.
- Addressing Poverty in TB Control: Options for National TB Control Programmes (2005). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2005/WHO_HTM_TB_2005.352.pdf.
- Contributing to health systems strengthening: Guiding principles for national tuberculosis programmes (2008). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241597173_eng.pdf.
- Gender and tuberculosis control: towards a strategy for research and action (2000). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2000/WHO_CDS_TB_2000.280.pdf.
- Guidance on ethics of tuberculosis prevention, care and control (2010). www.who.int/tb/features_archive/ethics/en/index.html.
- Guidance on human rights and involuntary detention for xdr-tb control (2007). www.who.int/tb/features_archive/involuntary_treatment/en/index.html.
- Guidance for national tuberculosis programmes on the management of tuberculosis in children (2006). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2006/WHO_HTM_TB_2006.371_eng.pdf.
- Guidelines for the programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis (2011). www.who.int/tb/challenges/mdr/programmatic_guidelines_for_mdrtb/en/index.html.
- Guidelines for the programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis: Emergency Update (2008). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241501583_eng.pdf.
- Health in prisons: A WHO guide to the essentials in prison health (2007). www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/99018/E90174.pdf.
- Model List of Essential Medicines. Adults, 17th edition (March 2011); Children, 3rd Edition (March 2011). www.who.int/medicines/publications/essentialmedicines.
- Policy on Collaborative TB/HIV activities: Guidelines for national programmes and other stakeholders (2012). whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2012/9789241503006_eng.pdf.
- Policy Guidelines for Collaborative TB and HIV Services for Injecting and Other Drug Users: An Integrated Approach, Evidence for Action Technical Papers (2008). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241596930_eng.pdf.
- The Joint WHO-ILO-UNAIDS policy guidelines on improving health workers’ access to HIV and TB prevention, treatment, care and support services: A guidance note, WHO, ILO, and UNAIDS (2011). www.ilo.org/aids/Publications/WCMS_149714/lang–en/index.htm.
- Tuberculosis Care and Control in Refugee and Displaced Populations: An Interagency Field Manual, Second Edition, WHO and UNCHR (2007). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241595421_eng.pdf.
- Women’s health in prison: Action guidance and checklists to review current policies and practices, WHO and UNODC (2011). www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/151053/e95760.pdf.
- WHO, Declarations, Resolutions and Statements.
- Amsterdam Declaration to Stop TB, Ministerial Conference on Tuberculosis & Sustainable Development (2000). www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/events/meetings/amsterdam_conference/decla.pdf.
- Beijing Call for Action on Tuberculosis control and patient care: together addressing the global MDR-TB and XDR-TB epidemic (2009). http://www.who.int/tb_beijingmeeting/media/en_call_for_action.pdf.
- The Madrid recommendation: health protection in prisons as an essential part of public health (2010). www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0012/111360/E93574.pdf.
- Prevention and control of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, Resolution WHA 62.15 (2009). http://www.who.int/tb/features_archive/wha62_15_tb_resolution.
- Sustainable financing for tuberculosis prevention and control, Resolution WHA 58.14 (2005). http://www.who.int/tb/publications/wha58_14.pdf.
- Stop Tuberculosis Initiative, Resolution WHA 53.1 (2000). http://apps.who.int/gb/archive/pdf_files/WHA53/ResWHA53/1.pdf.
- Tuberculosis control programme, Resolution WHA44.8 (1991). http://www.who.int/tb/publications/tbresolution_wha44_8_1991.pdf.
- Tuberculosis control: progress and long-term planning, Resolution WHA 60.19 (2007). http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA60/A60_R19-en.pdf.
- World Trade Organization, Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, WTO Ministerial Conference of 2001, WT/MIN(01)/DEC/2 (2001). www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/min01_e/mindecl_trips_e.htm.
B. Regional Instruments
- Organization of American States, Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights [Protocol of San Salvador], 16 November 1999, A-52, Art. 14(b) (Right to the Benefits of Culture: To enjoy the benefits of scientific and technological progress). www.oas.org/juridico/english/treaties/a-52.html.
- African Union, Abuja Declaration and Framework Plan of Action on HIV/AIDS, TB and other related infectious diseases, OAU/SPS/ABUJA/3 (2001). www.un.org/ga/aids/pdf/abuja_declaration.pdf.
- African Union, Abuja Call for Accelerated Action Towards Universal Access to HIV and AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Services in Africa, Sp/Assembly/ATM/2 (I) Rev.3 (2006). www.afro.who.int/en/downloads/doc_download/4134-abuja-call-for-accelerated-action-towards-universal-access-to-hiv-and-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria.html.
- African Union, Roadmap on Shared Responsibility and Global Solidarity for AIDS, TB, and Malaria Response in Africa (2012). www.au.int/en/sites/default/files/Shared_Res_Roadmap_Rev_F.pdf.
- European Union, Programme for Action: Accelerated Action on HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis in the Context of Poverty Reduction, COM(2001)96 (2001). http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/development/sectoral_development_policies/r12503_en.htm.
- European Union, Programme for Action to Confront HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis (2007-2011), COM(2005) 179. http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/development/sectoral_development_policies/r12537_en.htm.
- Organization of American States, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Principles and Best Practices on the Protection of Persons Deprived of Liberty in the Americas, 131st Session, (March 3-14, 2008). www.cidh.org/basicos/english/Basic21.a.Principles%20and%20Best%20Practices%20PDL.htm.
- WHO, A Declaration on the Promotion of Patient’s Rights in Europe, European Consultation on the Rights of Patients (Amsterdam, March 28-30, 1994). www.who.int/genomics/public/eu_declaration1994.pdf.
- WHO, The Berlin Declaration on Tuberculosis, European Ministerial Forum, EUR/07/5061622/5 (Oct. 22, 2007). www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/68183/E90833.pdf.
C. Other Declarations and Statements
- International Council of Nurses, Position statement on the nurse’s role in the care of detainees and prisoners (1998, 2006). www.icn.ch/images/stories/documents/publications/position_statements/A13_Nurses_Role_Detainees_Prisoners.pdf.
- International Council of Nurses, HIV infection and AIDS (2008). www.icn.ch/images/stories/documents/publications/position_statements/A07_HIV-AIDS.pdf.
- International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Recommendations to ensure the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in undocumented migrants (2008). www.theunion.org/images/stories/resources/RESS_Undocumented-migrants-Statement_2008.pdf.
- International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Time to act to prevent and control tuberculosis among inmates (2012). www.theunion.org/images/stories/resources/Union_Official_Statement_TB_Control_in_prisons_Nov2012_FINAL.pdf.
- Open Society Foundations, Public Health Watch and Partners Demand Urgent Action on TB and HIV (March 7, 2007). www.opensocietyfoundations.org/press-releases/public-health-watch-and-partners-demand-urgent-action-tb-and-hiv.
- Southern African Development Community, Declaration on TB in the Mining Sector. www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/news/Declaration%20on%20Tuberculosis%20in%20the%20Mining%20Sector2012English.pdf.
- Tuberculosis Coalition for Technical Assistance, International Standards for Tuberculosis Care (2006). www.who.int/tb/publications/2006/istc_report.pdf.
- Union World Conference on Lung Health, Kuala Lumpur Civil Society Declaration on Tuberculosis, 2012 Union World Conference (2012). www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/news/The%20KL%20Principles%20-%20Final%20Verison.pdf.
- USAID, Tuberculosis Coalition for Technical Assistance, International Committee of the Red Cross, Guidelines for control of tuberculosis in prisons (2009). http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADP462.pdf.
- World Care Council, The Patients’ Charter for Tuberculosis Care: Patent’s Rights and Responsibilities (2006). www.who.int/tb/publications/2006/istc/en/index.html.
D. Human Rights and TB – General Resources
- Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Global Fund Information Note: TB and Human Rights (2013). www.theglobalfund.org/documents/core/infonotes/Core_TB-HumanRights_Infonote_en.
- Howe E, “Is TB a Human Rights Issue?”, Open Society Foundations, Oct. 4, 2010. www.soros.org/voices/tb-human-rights-issue.
- Hurting AK, Porter JDH and Ogden JA, “Tuberculosis Control and Directly Observed Therapy from the Public Health/Human Rights Perspective”, in Grodin M et al., Health and Human Rights in a Changing World (New York: Routledge, 2013), 555-566.
- Open Society Foundations, Human Rights in Patient Care: A Practitioner Guide (2009),
- Open Society Foundations and Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Human Rights and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (2011). www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/human-rights-global-fund-20110308.pdf.
- Open Society Foundations, Ford Foundation and UNDP, Factsheet on Human Rights, HIV, TB and Malaria (2011). www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/hiv-aids/factsheet_human_rightshivtbandmalaria.html.
- Selgelid MJ and Reichman LB, “Ethical issues in tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 15, Suppl. 2 (2011): S9-S13(5). www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2011/00000015/A00206s2/art00005.
- Stop TB Partnership, Human Rights Task Force. www.stoptb.org/global/hrtf.
- Report of the First Meeting of the Stop TB Partnership Task Force on TB and Human Rights, Berlin, Nov. 9-10, 2010. www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/global/hrtf/Report%20on%201st%20TB%20and%20HR%20Task%20Force%20Meeting.pdf.
- Tuberculosis and Human Rights, Working Document on TB and Human Rights (2011). www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/global/hrtf/Briefing%20note%20on%20TB%20and%20Human%20Rights.pdf.
- USAID et al., Human Rights and Global Fund Health Systems Strengthening Proposals, Health Systems 20/20 (2011). www.healthsystems2020.org/content/resource/detail/2940.
- WHO, Ethical Issues in Tuberculosis, Prevention, Care and Control, Factsheet (2011). www.who.int/tb/publications/ethics_in_tb_factsheet_28jan11rev.pdf.
- WHO, Guidelines for social mobilization: A human rights approach to TB (2001). www.who.int/hhr/information/A%20Human%20Rights%20Approach%20to%20Tuberculosis.pdf.
- WHO, Issue No. 1: 25 questions & answers on health & human rights, WHO Health and Human Rights Publication Series (2002). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2002/9241545690.pdf.
E. Right to Non-discrimination
- Courtwright A and Turner AN, “Tuberculosis and Stigmatization: Pathways and Interventions”, Public Health Reports 125(Suppl 4): 34–42. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2882973.
- International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Understanding and challenging TB stigma: Toolkit for action (2009). http://targets.lshtm.ac.uk/resources/Publications/TB_and_Stigma_Eng2.pdf.
F. Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Physical and Mental Health
- Basu S, Stuckler D and McKee M, “Addressing Institutional Amplifiers in the Dynamics and Control of Tuberculosis Epidemics,” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 84, no. 1 (2011): 30-37. www.ajtmh.org/content/84/1/30.full.pdf+html.
- Blas E and Kurup AS, eds., Equity, social determinants and public health programmes (WHO, 2010).
- Hargreaves JR et al., “The Social Determinants of Tuberculosis: From Evidence to Action,” American Journal of Public Health 101, Issue 4 (April 2011): 654-662. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3052350/.
- Heller T et al., “Community-based treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa”, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 14, no. 4 (2010):420–426. http://bioafrica.webcoza.co.za/manuscripts/Heller_2010_IJTLD_MDR.pdf.
- Howe E, Timely Treatment for Drug-Resistant TB in Kenya, Open Society Foundations, Voices, March 2, 2012. www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/timely-treatment-for-drug-resistant-tb-in-kenya.
- Keshavjee S and Beauvais SG, “No One Should Die Of Tuberculosis In The 21st Century,” Huffington Post, March 24, 2012. www.huffingtonpost.com/salmaan-keshavjee/world-tuberculosis-day_b_1375891.html.
- Keshavjee S et al., “Building Capacity for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment: Health Systems Strengthening in Lesotho”, Innovations: Technology, Governance, Globalization 2, no. 4 (2007): 87-106. www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/itgg.2007.2.4.87.
- Lonnroth et al., “Tuberculosis: the role of risk factors and social determinants,” in Blas E and Kurup AS, eds., Equity, social determinants and public health programmes (2010): 219-241. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241563970_eng.pdf.
- Partners in Health, “Tuberculosis”. www.pih.org/priority-programs/tuberculosis.
- Rasanathan K et al., “The social determinants of health: key to global tuberculosis control,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 15, no. 6 (2011): S30-S36. www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2011/00000015/A00206s2/art00009.
- Talbot JR and Rhatigan J, Concept Note: The Development of Tuberculosis Treatments and Policy (Oct 24, 2012). www.ghdonline.org/cases/concept-note-the-development-of-tuberculosis-treat/.
- Treatment Action Campaign, The Prevention, Early Diagnosis, Treatment and Cure of Tuberculosis: A Guide and Recommendations for TAC, Government and Civil Society, TAC position paper (2008).
- WHO, Global Tuberculosis Report 2012, www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/.
G. Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Detention
- Amon J, Girard F, and Keshavjee S, “Limitations on human rights in the context of drug-resistant tuberculosis: A reply to Boggio et al.,” Health and Human Rights, Perspectives, Oct. 7, 2009. www.hhrjournal.org/blog/perspectives/limitations-tb.
- Boggio A et al., “Limitation on Human Rights: Are They Justifiable to Reduce the Burden of TB in the Era of MDR- and XDR-TB,” Health and Human Rights 10, no. 2 (2008). www.hhrjournal.org/index.php/hhr/article/view/85/158.
- KELIN et al., “Open letter by civil society organisations to the Government of Kenya”, September 8, 2010. www.kelinkenya.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Advisory-Note-on-Arrest-of-TB-Patients-in-Kapsabet.pdf.
- Kraemer JD et al., “Public health measures to control tuberculosis in low-income countries: ethics and human rights considerations,” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 15, Suppl. 2 (2011): S19-S24(6). www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2011/00000015/A00206s2/art00007.
- OHCHR, Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Detention/Pages/WGADIndex.aspx.
- Parmet WE, “Legal Power and Legal Rights—Isolation and Quarantine in the Case of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis,” New England Journal of Medicine 357 (2007): 433-435. www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp078133.
H. Right of all persons deprived of their liberty to be treated with humanity
(See also “Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Detention,” “Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” and “Key Populations: People living with HIV”)
- Amon J, “The HIV and TB Prison Crisis in Southern Africa,” Huffington Post, July 23, 2010. www.hrw.org/news/2010/07/23/hiv-and-tb-prison-crisis-southern-africa.
- Amon J, “Zambia’s TB-ridden prisons,” The Guardian, April 27, 2010. www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/libertycentral/2010/apr/27/zambia-tuberculosis-tb-prisons.
- Baussano I et al., “Tuberculosis Incidence in Prisons: A Systematic Review”, PLoS Medicine 7, no. 12 (2012). www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1000381.
- Csete J, “Consequences of injustice: pretrial detention and health,” International Journal of Prison Health 6 (2010): 47–58. www.humanitas-foundation.org/pdf/IJPH_6_2_Sep2010.pdf.
- Gegia M et al., “Developing a Human Rights-Based Program for Tuberculosis Control in Georgian Prisons,” Health and Human Rights 13, no. 2 (2011). www.hhrjournal.org/index.php/hhr/article/view/429/715.
- Jurgens R, Nowak M, and Day M, “HIV and incarceration: prisons and detention,” Journal of the
International AIDS Society 14 (2011). www.biomedcentral.com/1758-2652/14/26.
- Lee D et al., “Global Fund financing of tuberculosis services delivery in prisons,” The Journal of
Infectious Diseases 201, Suppl 2 (2012). www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22448026.
- Lee v. Minister for Correctional Services, Constitutional Court of South Africa, Case CCT 20/12  ZACC 30. www.saflii.org/za/cases/ZACC/2012/30.html.
- O’Grady et al., “Tuberculosis in prisons: anatomy of global neglect,” European Respiratory Journal 38, no. 4 (2011): 752-754. erj.ersjournals.com/content/38/4/752.full.pdf+html.
- Open Society Foundations, The Socioeconomic Impact of Pretrial Detention (2011). www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/socioeconomic-impact-pretrial-detention-02012011.pdf.
- PloS Medicine Editors, “The health crisis of tuberculosis in prisons extends beyond the prison walls,” PloS Med 7, no. 12 (2010).
- Reid S et al., “Tuberculosis and HIV Control in Sub-Saharan African Prisons: ‘Thinking Outside the Prison Cell’”, The Journal of Infectious Diseases 205, Suppl 2 (2012). jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/02/20/infdis.jis029.full?keytype=ref&ijkey=l6G3fORjWtf7Z8z.
- Sacco S, Maleche A and Ombati O, “Forcible Isolation of Tuberculosis Patients in Kenyan Jails,”
INTERIGHTS Bulletin 16, no. 4 (2011): 195-200. www.interights.org/document/198/index.html.
- Todrys KW and Amon JJ, “Criminal Justice Reform as HIV and TB Prevention in African Prisons,” PloS Medicine 9, no. 5 (2012). www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1001215.
- Tomasini-Joshi D and Schonteich M, “Promoting Community and Prison Health through Pre-Trial Release for People with Transmissible Diseases,” International Journal of Prison Health 6 (2010): 59-71. www.humanitas-foundation.org/pdf/IJPH_6_2_Sep2010.pdf.
- Wetzel A, “Strategic Litigation as a Tool to Challenge Inadequate and Inappropriate Medical Care in Pre-Trial Detention”, International Journal of Prison Health 6 (2010): 72-80. www.humanitas-foundation.org/pdf/IJPH_6_2_Sep2010.pdf.
- WHO, Literature Review on Tuberculosis in Prisons (2008). www.who.int/tb/challenges/prisons/tb_in_prisons_lit_review_10feb08.pdf.
- WHO Europe, Prison Health – HIV, drugs, and tuberculosis, Fact Sheet (2012). www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0009/98973/92295E_FS_Prison.pdf.
I. Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
See also “Rights of all persons deprived of their liberty to be treated with humanity”
- Amnesty International, Codes of ethics and declarations relevant to the health professions, Fifth Edition (2011). www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ACT75/002/2011.
- Amnesty International, “Chad: ‘We Are All Dying Here’: Human Rights Violations in Prisons” (2012).
- Campaign to Stop Torture in Health Care, “Torture and Ill-Treatment in Health Settings: A Failure of Accountability,” INTERIGHTS Bulletin 16, no. 4 (Winter 2011): 160-165. www.interights.org/userfiles/TortureHealth_Edition_web.pdf.
- Hospice Palliative Care Association of South Africa, Guidelines for Providing Palliative Care to Patients with Tuberculosis (May 2011). www.hospicepalliativecaresa.co.za/pdf/patientcare/TB_Guidelines_2011.PDF.
- Human Rights Watch, “Even dead bodies must work”: health, hard labor, and abuse in Ugandan prisons (2011). www.hrw.org/reports/2011/07/14/even-dead-bodies-must-work.
- Human Rights Watch, Unjust and Unhealthy: HIV, TB, and Abuse in Zambian Prisons (2010).
- Todrys KW et al., “Imprisoned and imperiled: access to HIV and TB prevention and treatment, and denial of human rights, in Zambian prisons,” Journal of the International AIDS Society 14, no. 8 (2011). www.biomedcentral.com/1758-2652/14/8.
J. Right to Privacy
- Njozin BD et al., “‘If the patients decide not to tell what can we do?’- TB/HIV counsellors’ dilemma on partner notification for HIV,” BMC International Health and Human Rights 11, no. 6 (June 3, 2011). www.biomedcentral.com/1472-698X/11/6.
K. Freedom of Assembly and Association
- Keshavjee S, “Let’s Learn from HIV Activists How to Achieve Zero Tuberculosis Deaths,” Huffington Post, July 25, 2012. www.huffingtonpost.com/salmaan-keshavjee/tb-hiv-patients-awareness_b_1700450.html.
- Stop TB Partnership, DOTS Expansion Working Group, ACSM (Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilization) Subgroup. www.stoptb.org/countries/acsm/subgroup.
- WHO, Community involvement in tuberculosis care and prevention: Towards partnerships for health, Guiding principles and recommendations based on a WHO review (2008). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241596404_eng.pdf.
- WHO, Advocacy, communication and social mobilization (ACSM) for tuberculosis control: a handbook for country programmes (2007). www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/resources/publications/acsm/ACSM_Handbook.pdf.
- WHO, Empowerment and involvement of tuberculosis patients in tuberculosis control (2007).
- WHO, Report of a WHO consultation on strengthening the active engagement of civil society organizations in the global TB prevention, care and control efforts (Geneva, Sept. 30-Oct. 1, 2010). whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2010/WHO_HTM_TB_2010.15_eng.pdf.
L. Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress and its Applications
- Keshavjee S and Farmer P, “Tuberculosis, Drug Resistance, and the History of Modern Medicine,” New England Journal of Medicine 367, no. 10 (2012): 931-936. www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra1205429.
- Marks SP, “Out of Obscurity: The Right to Benefit from Advances in Science and Technology and Its Implications for Global Health”, Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Law, Science, and Technology: Health And Science: Human Rights And Legal Issues, Academia Sinica, Taipei (2011). http://srhrl.aaas.org/newsletter/2011_Oct/spm_taipei_18_dec_2010_keynote_address-_ver_feb_16_2011-1.pdf.
- WHO, Expand TB Project: Expanding and accelerating access to new diagnostics for tuberculosis, Factsheet (2013). www.who.int/tb/publications/factsheet_expand_tb.pdf.
M. Rights of Women
- Global Coalition of Women and AIDS, Tackling TB and HIV in Women: An Urgent Agenda (July 2010). www.womenandaids.net/CMSPages/GetFile.aspx?guid=aaee44f9-9a9d-4366-9ee4-89e4775cc798.
- Somma D et al., “Gender and socio-cultural determinants of TB-related stigma in Bangladesh, India, Malawi and Colombia”, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 12, no. 7 (2008): 856-866. www.who.int/tdr/publications/documents/tb-related-stigma.pdf.
- Todrys KW and Amon JJ, “Health and human rights of women imprisoned in Zambia,” BMC International Health and Human Rights 11, no. 8 (2011). www.biomedcentral.com/1472-698X/11/8.
- WHO, “Tuberculosis and Gender.” www.who.int/tb/challenges/gender/page_1/en/index.html.
- WHO, Women and TB, Fact Sheet (2009). www.stoptb.org/assets/documents/resources/factsheets/womenandtb.pdf.
N. Rights of Children
- Moore DP et al., Childhood tuberculosis guidelines of the Southern African Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases (2009). www.sajei.co.za/index.php/SAJEI/article/view/160.
- Stop TB Partnership, DOTS Expansion Working Group, Childhood TB Subgroup. www.stoptb.org/ dots_expansion/childhoodtb.
- Stop TB Partnership and WHO, Combating Tuberculosis in Children, Factsheet, (March 20, 2012).
- WHO, “Childhood tuberculosis.” www.who.int/tb/challenges/children/en/index.html.
- WHO, Combating Tuberculosis in Children, Fact Sheet (2012). www.who.int/tb/childhoodtbfactsheet.pdf.
- WHO, Guidance for national tuberculosis programmes on the management of tuberculosis in children (2006). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2006/WHO_HTM_TB_2006.371_eng.pdf.
O. Key Populations – People living with HIV
(See also “Right of all persons deprived of their liberty to be treated with humanity” and “Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment”)
- Open Society Institute, Civil Society Perspectives on TB/HIV Policy: A Preview of Forthcoming Reports on TB Policy in Bangladesh, Brazil, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Thailand (2006). www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/civilsociety_20060804.pdf.
- Open Society Foundations, Twin Epidemics: The Struggle against TB and HIV, Multimedia Video
(Nov. 2008). www.soros.org/multimedia/twin-epidemics-struggle-against-tb-and-hiv.
- Stop TB Partnership, TB/HIV Working Group. www.stoptb.org/wg/tb_hiv.
- Treatment Action Campaign, Fact sheet: Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. www.opensocietyfoundations.org/sites/default/files/tb_fact_sheet.pdf.
- UNAIDS, HIV and tuberculosis: ensuring universal access and protection of human rights, Reference Group on HIV and Human Rights, Issue Paper (2010). data.unaids.org/pub/ExternalDocument/2010/20100324_unaidsrghrtsissuepapertbhrts_en.pdf.
- UN Office on Drugs and Crime, HIV in prisons: Situation and needs assessment toolkit (2010).
- WHO, TB/HIV Facts 2011-2012, Fact Sheet (2011). www.who.int/tb/publications/TBHIV_Facts_for_2011.pdf.
- WHO, TB/HIV Facts 2012-2013, Factsheet. www.who.int/tb/publications/factsheet_tbhiv.pdf.
P. Key Populations – People who use drugs
(See also “Right of all persons deprived of their liberty to be treated with humanity” and “Key Populations: People living with HIV”)
- Jurgens et al, “People who use drugs, HIV, and human rights”, Lancet 376 (2010): 475-485.
- International Center for Science in Drug Policy et al., The Vienna Declaration: Leading the way to illicit drug policies based on evidence, not ideology (2010). www.viennadeclaration.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/The-Vienna-Declaration-Progress-thus-far.pdf.
Q. Key Populations – Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons
- WHO, “Tuberculosis care and control in refugee and displaced populations”.
R. Key Populations – Migrant Workers
- AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa, The Mining Sector, Tuberculosis and Migrant Labour in Southern Africa: Policy and Programmatic Interventions for the Cross Border Control of Tuberculosis between Lesotho and South Africa, Focusing on Minders, Ex-Minders and Their Families (July 2008). www.tac.org.za/community/files/Mines,_TB_and_Southern_Africa.pdf.
- Human Rights Watch, No Healing Here: Violence, Discrimination and Barriers to Health for Migrants in South Africa (Dec. 7, 2009). www.hrw.org/node/86959.
- International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, “Diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in undocumented migrants in low- or intermediate-incidence countries”, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 12, no. 8 (2008):878–88. www.theunion.org/images/stories/resources/RESS_Migration_Statement_IJTLD_August_2008-fin.pdf.
- Naing T, Geater A, Pungrassam P, “Migrant workers’ occupation and healthcare-seeking preferences for TB-suspicious symptoms and other health problems: a survey among immigrant workers in Songkhla province, southern Thailand,” BMC International Health and Human Rights 12, no. 22(Oct. 2, 2012). www.biomedcentral.com/1472-698X/12/22.
- Smith J, “They Go To Die”, documentary on TB, HIV and human rights violations in South Africa’s mining industry. www.theygotodie.com.