Resources on health and human rights

Introduction
Using Human Rights Mechanisms
Key Terms

A. International Instruments

Binding
Nonbinding

B. Regional Instruments

Binding

C. UN Documents

a. General Comments and Recommendations
  • Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, General Comments. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cescr/comments.htm.
      • General Comment 14: The right to the highest attainable standard of health, E/C.12/2000/4 (August 11, 2000).
  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, General Recommendations.
    http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cedaw/comments.htm.

      • General Recommendation 14: Female Circumcision (ninth session, 1990).
      • General Recommendation 15: Women and AIDS (ninth session, 1990).
      • General Recommendation 18: Disabled Women (tenth session, 1991).
      • General Recommendation 24: Women and Health (twentieth session, 1999).
  • Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comments.  http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/comments.htm.
      • General Comment 3: HIV/AIDS and the Rights of the Child, CRC/GC/2003/3 (2003).
      • General Comment No. 4: Adolescent health and development in the context of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, CRC/GC/2003/4 (2004).
      • General Comment No. 5: General Measures of Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, CRC/GC/2003/5 (2003).
      • General Comment No. 7: Implementing Child Rights in Early Childhood, CRC/C/GC/7/Rev.1 (2006).
      • General Comment No. 8: The right of the child to protection from corporal punishment and other cruel or degrading forms of punishment, CRC/C/GC/8 (2006).
      • General Comment 9: The Rights of Child with Disabilities, CRC/C/GC/9 (2006).
      • General Comment 11: Indigenous children and their rights under the Convention, CRC/C/GC/11 (2009).
      • General Comment No. 12: The right of the child to be heard, CRC/C/GC/12 (2009).
      • General Comment No. 13: The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence,
        CRC/C/GC/13 (2011).
  • Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, General Recommendations.
    http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cerd/comments.htm.
  • Committee against Torture, General Comments.  http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cat/comments.htm.
b. Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council1
  • Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, Annual Reports. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Health/Pages/AnnualReports.aspx.
      • Report to the General Assembly (main focus: right to health indicators), A/58/427 (2003).
      • Report to the Commission on Human Rights (main focus: definition of the human right to health), E/CN.4/2003/58 (2003).
      • Report to the Commission on Human Rights (main focus: sexual and reproductive health), E/CN.4/2004/49 (2004).
      • Report to the General Assembly (main focus: health professionals and human rights education), A/60/348 (2005).
      • Report to the Commission on Human Rights (main focus: mental disability), E/CN.4/2005/51 (2005).
      • Report to the General Assembly (main focus: the reduction of maternal mortality), A/61/338 (2006).
      • Report to the Commission on Human Rights (main focus: a human rights-based approach to health indicators), E/CN.4/2006/48 (2006).
      • Report to the General Assembly (main focus: water and sanitation), A/62/214 (2007).
      • Report to the Human Rights Council (main focus: the health and human rights movement),
        A/HRC/4/28 (2007).
      • Report the Human Rights Council (main focus: health systems), A/HRC/7/11 (2008).
      • Report the Human Rights Council (main focus: access to medicines and intellectual property rights), A/HRC/11/12 (2009).
      • Report to the General Assembly (main focus:  informed consent), A/64/272 (2009).
      • Report the Human Rights Council (main focus: criminalization of same-sex conduct and sexual orientation, sex-work and HIV transmission), A/HRC/14/20 (2010).
      • Report to the General Assembly (main focus: harm reduction), A/65/255 (2010).
      • Report to the General Assembly (main focus: criminalisation of sexual and reproductive health), A/66/254 (2011).
      • Report to the Human Rights Council (main focus: older persons), A/HRC/18/37 (2011).
      • Report to the Human Rights Council (main focus: report on expert consultation on access to medicines), A/HRC/17/43 (2011).
      • Report to the Human Rights Council (main focus: development), A/HRC/17/25 (2011).
  • Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,
    Annual Reports. http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=103.

      • Report to the Human Rights Council, H/HRC/22/53 (2013).
      • Report to the General Assembly, A/63/175 (2008).
  • Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Annual Reports. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Migration/SRMigrants/Pages/AnnualReports.aspx.
      • Report to the Human Rights Council (main focus: recapitulation of the main thematic issues, including the right to health of migrants), A/HRC/17/33 (March 21, 2011).
      • Report to the Human Rights Council (main focus: enjoyment of the rights to health and adequate housing by migrants), A/HRC/14/30 (April 16, 2010).
  • Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Annual Reports.  http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Education/SREducation/Pages/AnnualReports.aspx
      • Report to the UN General Assembly (main focus: sexual education), A/65/162 (July 23, 2010).
  • Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Annual Reports.
    http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Women/SRWomen/Pages/AnnualReports.aspx

      • Report to the UN General Assembly (main focus: violence against women with disabilities), A/67/227 (August 3, 2012).

D. Health and Human Rights

E. The Right to Health

F. Litigating the Right to Health

G. Social Determinants of Health

H. Health Systems

I. Social and Economic Rights Generally

J. Health and Development

  • Langford M, Sumner A, and Yamin A, Millennium Development Goals and Human Rights: Past, Present, and Future (London: Cambridge University Press, 2013).
  • WHO and UNICEF. The World We Want: Health in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. UN Thematic Global Consultation. http://www.worldwewant2015.org/health.

K. Human Rights Research Resources

L. Human Rights Case Law Research Resources

M. Periodicals

N. Websites

1 The Commission on Human Rights was terminated in March 2006 and was replaced by the Human Rights Council in March 2006.