Children’s Health Resources
A. International Instruments
- International Labour Organization, Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment, No. 138 (1973). www.ilocarib.org.tt/projects/cariblex/conventions_6.shtml.
- International Labour Organization, Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, No. 182 (1999). www.ilocarib.org.tt/projects/cariblex/conventions_9.shtml.
- UN General Assembly, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Resolution 44/25, A/44/49 (1989).
- UN General Assembly, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflicts, Resolution 54/263, UN Doc. A/54/49, Vol. III (2000). http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/OPACCRC.aspx
- UN General Assembly, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Resolution 54/263, UN Doc. A/54/49, Vol. III (2000). http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/OPSCCRC.aspx
- UN General Assembly, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000). www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/CTOC/index.html.
- League of Nations, Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child (September 26, 1924). www.un-documents.net/gdrc1924.htm.
- UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Decisions. www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/decisions.htm.
- Children in armed conflict, no. 1 (1998);
- Administration of juvenile justice, no. 2 (1999);
- Children without parental care, no. 7 (2004).
- UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comments. www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/comments.htm.
- The aims of education, no. 1 (2001);
- The role of independent human rights institutions, no. 2 (2002);
- HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child, no. 3 (2003);
- Adolescent Health, no. 4 (2003);
- General measures of implementation for the Convention on the Rights of the Child, no. 5 (2003);
- Treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside their country of origin, no. 6 (2005);
- Implementing child rights in early childhood, no. 7/Rev.1 (2005);
- The right of the child to protection from corporal punishment and other cruel or degrading forms of punishment, no. 8 (2006);
- The rights of children with disabilities, no. 9 (2006);
- Children’s rights in Juvenile Justice, no. 10 (2007);
- Indigenous children and their rights under the Convention, no. 11 (2009);
- The right of the child to be heard, no. 12 (2009);
- The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence, no. 13 (2011);
- The right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (Article. 24), no. 15 (2013);
- On State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights, no. 16 (2013);
- The right of the child to rest, leisure, play, recreational activities, cultural life and the arts, no. 17 (2013).
- UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Recommendations. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/discussion.htm.
- Children in armed conflict (1992);
- Economic exploitation (1993);
- Role of the family (1994);
- The girl child (1995); Juvenile justice (1995);
- The child and the media (1996);
- Children with disabilities (1997);
- HIV/AIDS (1998);
- 10th Anniversary: General measures of implementation (1999);
- State violence against children (2000);
- Violence against children within the family and in school (2001);
- The private sector as a service provider (2002);
- The rights of indigenous children (2003);
- Implementing child rights in early childhood (2004);
- Children without parental care (2005);
- The right of the child to be heard (2006);
- Resources for the Rights of the Child:
- Responsibility of States (2007);
- The right of the child to education in emergency situations (2008).
- UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Statements. www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/statement.htm.
- UN General Assembly, Declaration of the Rights of the Child, Resolution 1386 (XIV) (December 10, 1959).
- UN General Assembly, Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationally, Resolution 41/85 (December 3, 1986). www.un.org/documents/ga/res/41/a41r085.htm.
- UN General Assembly, A World Fit for Children, adopted by the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children (May 10, 2002). www.unicef.org/specialsession/wffc/index.html.
- UN General Assembly, Millennium Development Goals. www.un.org/millenniumgoals/bkgd.shtml.
- United Nations Millennium Declaration, Resolution 55/2 (September 18, 2000).
- Keeping the promise: united to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, Resolution 65/1 (October 19, 2010).
- UN General Assembly, Working Towards the Elimination of Crimes Against Women and Girls Committed in the Name of Honour, Resolution A/C.3/59/L.25 (October 15, 2004). www.wunrn.com/reference/crimes_honor.htm.
- UN Human Rights Council, Rights of the child: a holistic approach to the protection and promotion of the rights of children working and/or living on the street, A/HRC/RES/16/12 (2011). http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/alldocs.aspx?doc_id=18540
- UN Human Rights Council, Preventable maternal mortality and morbidity and human rights, Resolution 11/8 (June 17, 2009). http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/E/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_11_8.pdf.
- UNICEF, Cape Town Principles and Best Practices, adopted at the Symposium on the Prevention of Recruitment of Children into the Armed Forces and Demobilization and Social Reintegration of Child Soldiers in Africa (April 1997). www.unicef.org/emerg/files/Cape_Town_Principles(1).pdf.
- UNICEF, UN Global Compact and Save the Children – the Children’s Rights and Business Principles (the Principles) (2011). www.unicef.org/csr/12.htm.
- WHO, Female Genital Mutilation: A Joint WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA Statement (July 1997). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw52/statements_missions/Interagency_Statement_on_Eliminating_FGM.pdf.
B. Regional Instruments
- Organization of African Unity, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) Document CAB/LEG/24.9/49 (July 11, 1990). www.africa-union.org/official_documents/Treaties_%20Conventions_%20Protocols/a.%20C.%20ON%20THE%20RIGHT%20AND%20WELF%20OF%20CHILD.pdf.
- Council of Europe, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, C.E.T.S. No. 201 (October 25, 2007). http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/treaties/Html/201.htm.
- European Parliament, The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, (December 2000). www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/default_en.htm.
- African Union Commission, Plan of Action on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights: “The Maputo Plan of Action,” Sp/MIN/CAMH/5(I) (September 18-22, 2006). www.unfpa.org/africa/newdocs/maputo_eng.pdf.
- African Union, Actions on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Development in Africa by 2015 (July 25-27, 2010). www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/news/2010/kampala_au_assembly_dec.pdf.
- World Congress against Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents, The Rio de Janeiro Declaration and Call for Action to Prevent and Stop Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents (November 25-28, 2008).
- World Health Assembly, Maternal and child health and family planning: traditional practices harmful to the health of women and children, Resolution WHA47.10 (1994). www.popline.org/node/310684.
- WHO and International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, Preventing Child Maltreatment: A guide to taking action and generating evidence (2006). http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.ispcan.org/resource/resmgr/docs/preventing_child_maltreatmen.pdf.
C. Human Rights & Children – General Resources
- Bhabha J, ed., Coming of Age: Reframing the Approach to Adolescent Rights (University of Pennsylvania Press, forthcoming).
- Nolan A, Children’s Socio-economic Rights, Democracy and the Courts (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2011).
- Ruxton S, What about us?: Children’s Rights in the European Union (European Children’s Network, 2005).
- Sedletzki V, Championing Children’s Rights: A global study of independent human rights institutions for children (UNICEF, 2012). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/669.
- Sloth-Nielson J, Children’s Rights in Africa: A Legal Perspective (Ashgate Publishing, 2008).
- United Nations, The Millennium Development Goals Report (2012). www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/MDG%20Report%202012.pdf.
- UNICEF, Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child (2007).
- UNICEF, “Policy advocacy and partnerships for children’s rights”. www.unicef.org/policyanalysis/index_51859.html.
- UNICEF, Progress for Children: A report card. Annual reports on child rights themes.
- Reports 1–8 (2004–2009): www.unicef.org/progressforchildren.
- Report 9 (2010): www.unicef.org/protection/Progress_for_Children-No.9_EN_081710.pdf.
- Report 10 (2012): www.unicef.org/publications/index_62280.html.
- UNICEF, The State of the World’ Children. www.unicef.org/sowc. [Annual reports on child rights themes].
- UNICEF, Voices of Youth. www.voicesofyouth.org. [Online youth forum on education, environment, violence and conflict, HIV/AIDS, health and human rights issues].
- US Library of Congress, “Children’s Rights: International and National Laws and Practices”. www.loc.gov/law/help/child-rights/index.php.
- Van Bueren G, The International Law on the Rights of the Child (Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, 1998).
D. Right to the highest attainable standard of health
- The Lancet. “Child Survival Series” (2003). www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/lancet_child_survival.
- The Lancet. “Series on Adolescent Health”
- Nolan A, “The Child’s Right to Health and the Courts” in J Harrington and M Stuttaford, eds., Global Health and Human Rights: Legal and Philosophical Perspectives (Routledge, 2010): 135-162. www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415479387.
- OHCHR, “Submissions CRC General Comment on the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24)” (2012). www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/callsubmissionsCRC_received.htm.
- UNICEF, “Health”. www.unicef.org/health/index_4020.html.
- Volkmann CS, “Children’s rights and the MDGs: The right to health within Vietnam’s transition towards a market economy,” Health and Human Rights 9, no. 1 (2006): 57-79. www.hhrjournal.org/archives-pdf/4065390.pdf.bannered.pdf.
- WHO, “Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health.” www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent.
E. Right to life, survival and development
- Anand S, Desmond C, Fuje H, Marques N and Sen A, The Cost of Inaction: Case Studies from Rwanda and Angola (Harvard University Press, 2012).
- Engle P et al., “Strategies for reducing inequalities and improving developmental outcomes for young children in low-income and middle-income countries,” The Lancet 378, no. 9799 (2011): 1339–1353. www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60889-1/abstract.
- Freedman L et al., Who’s Got the Power? Transforming Health Systems for Women and Children, Millennium Project, Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health (2005). www.unmillenniumproject.org/documents/maternalchild-complete.pdf.
- Ki-Moon B, Children and the Millennium Development Goals: Progress towards a World Fit for Children, UNICEF (2007). www.unicef.org/publications/files/Children_and_the_MDGs.pdf.
- Ki-Moon B, Global Strategy for Women and Children’s Health, UNICEF (2010). www.who.int/pmnch/activities/jointactionplan.
- Pink R, “Child rights, right to water and sanitation, and human security,” Health and Human Rights 14, no. 1 (2012). www.hhrjournal.org/index.php/hhr/article/view/479/736.
- Save the Children, Every Woman’s Right: How Family Planning Saves Children’s Lives (2012). www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/EVERY_WOMANS_RIGHT_REPORT_JUNE_2012.PDF.
- Save the Children, State of the World’s Mothers. www.savethechildren.org/site/c.8rKLIXMGIpI4E/b.6153061/k.A0BD/Publications.htm.
- Singh S et al., Adding It Up: The Costs and Benefits of Investing in Family Planning and Maternal and Newborn Health (Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA, 2010). www.guttmacher.org/pubs/AddingItUp2009.pdf.
- UN General Assembly, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health, “IV. Right to health, child survival and indicators”, A/59/422 (2004).
- UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation, Levels & Trends in Child Mortality (2012). www.childmortality.org/files_v9/download/Levels%20and%20Trends%20in%20Child%20Mortality%20Report%202012.pdf.
F. Right to express views and have them taken into account
- Kellett M, “Voice, Participation, and Agency”, Oxford Bibliographies, www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199791231/obo-9780199791231-0013.xml.
- Lansdown G, The Evolving Capacities of the Child, Innocenti Insight 11 (UNICEF, 2005). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/evolving-eng.pdf.
- Nolan A, “The Child as ‘Democratic Citizen’ – Challenging the ‘Participation Gap’”, Public Law 4 (Winter 2010): 767-782. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1680810.
- O’Donnell D, The Right of Children to be Heard: Children’s rights to have their views taken into account and to participate in legal and administrative proceedings, Innocenti Working Papers 2009-04 (UNICEF, 2009). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/553.
- Steward R, Child Participation and Independent Human Rights Institutions for Children in Europe, Innocenti Working Papers 2009-23 (UNICEF, 2011). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/647.
- UNICEF, “Child and youth participation”.
- Various resources: www.unicef.org/adolescence/cypguide/index_intro.html.
- Resource Guide (2006): www.unicef.org/adolescence/cypguide/files/Child_and_Youth_Participation_Guide(1).pdf.
G. Right to information; Right to sexual and reproductive health
- Blum R and Mmari K, Risk and Protective Factors Affecting Adolescent Reproductive Health in Developing Countries: An Analysis of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Literature from Around the World (WHO, 2004). www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/9241592273/en/index.html.
- Hanafyet S al., “Minding the Gap in Alexandria. Talking to Girls in Schools about Reproductive Health”, Population Reference Bureau (2012), www.prb.org/pdf12/girls-egypt-schools-workingpaper.pdf.
- UN General Assembly, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Sexual education, A/65/162 (2010). http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N10/462/13/PDF/N1046213.pdf.
- WHO, Adolescent Pregnancy: Issues in adolescent health and development (2004). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/9241591455_eng.pdf.
- WHO, Preventing Early Pregnancy and Poor Reproductive Health Outcomes among Adolescents in Developing Countries (2011). www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/adolescence/9789241502214/en/index.html.
- WHO, Generating demand and community support for sexual and reproductive health services for young people: A review of the literature and programmes (2009). www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/9789241598484/en/index.html.
H. Right to education
(See also Chapter 7: Minority Health and Human Rights)
- Amnesty International, Becoming a Human Rights Friendly School: A guide for schools around the world (2012). www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/POL32/001/2012.
- De Beco G, “Right to Education Indicator based on the 4 A framework: Concept Paper” (The Right to Education Project, May 2009). www.right-to-education.org/sites/r2e.gn.apc.org/files/Concept%20Paper.pdf.
- Global Campaign for Education, Reports. www.campaignforeducation.org/en/resources.
- Gender Discrimination in Education: The violation of rights of women and girls (2012)
- Fund the Future: Education Rights Now (2011)
- Make It Right: Ending the Crisis in Girls’ Education (2011).
- International Finance Corporation, Education for Employment: Realizing Arab Youth Potential (World Bank, 2011). www.e4earabyouth.com/report.php.
- Right to Education Project, www.right-to-education.org.
- UNESCO, Education for All: Regional Report for the Arab States (2011). www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/FIELD/Beirut/pdf/Report%20EFA%20(English).pdf.
- UNICEF, “Basic education and gender equality”. www.unicef.org/education.
- United Nations Girls’ Education Initiative (UNGEI). www.ungei.org.
- UN Special Rapporteur on the right to education. www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Education/SREducation/Pages/SREducationIndex.aspx.
I. Right to an adequate standard of living and social security services
- Amnesty International, In search of shelter: Leaving social care in Albania (2010). www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/EUR11/004/2010.
- Bryant J, “Kenya’s Cash Transfer Program: Protecting the Health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children,” Health and Human Rights 11, no. 2 (2009). www.hhrjournal.org/index.php/hhr/article/view/174/259.
- Cash Learning Partnership, Save the Children and Women’s Refugee Commission, Cash and child protection: how cash transfer programming can protect children from abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence (2012).
- De Neubourg C, Martorano B and Sanfilippo M, The Impact of Social Protection on Children: A review of the
literature, Innocenti Working Papers 2012-06 (UNICEF, 2012). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/666.
- University of Oxford, “Young Lives: An International Study of Childhood Poverty”. www.younglives.org.uk.
J. Freedom from abuse, torture and ill-treatment
(See also “Key Populations: Juvenile Justice”)
- Aptel C, Children and Accountability for International Crimes: The contribution of international criminal courts, Innocenti Working Papers 2010-20 (UNICEF, 2010).
- Human Rights Watch, Breaking the Silence: Child Sexual Abuse in India (2013). www.hrw.org/reports/2013/02/07/breaking-silence-0.
- Population Council, Protecting young people from sex without consent, Transitions to Adulthood, Brief no. 7 (2011). www.populationcouncil.org/pdfs/TABriefs/07_Nonconsensual.pdf.
- Save the Children Sweden, Gender-Based Sexual Violence Against Teenage Girls in the Middle East (2007).
- Singh K and Kapur D, “Law, Violence and the Girl Child,” Health and Human Rights 5, no. 2 (2001): 9-29. www.hhrjournal.org/archives-pdf/4065363.pdf.bannered.pdf.
- Tamar E, “A Positive Right to Protection for Children,” Yale Human Rights & Development L.J. 7 (2004): 1-50. www.law.yale.edu/documents/pdf/LawJournals/EZER.PDF.
- UNICEF, “Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse”. www.unicef.org/protection/index.html.
- UNICEF, Children and Truth Commissions, Innocenti Centre (2010). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/616.
- UN Women, Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence Against Women and Girls, “Adolescents and girls”. www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/1396-adolescents-and-girls.html.
- UN Secretary General, “United Nations Study on Violence against Children” (2006). www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/study.htm.
- Pinheiro P, Independent Expert for the United Nations, World Report on Violence against Children (2006). www.unviolencestudy.org.
- UN General Assembly, Report of the independent expert for the United Nations study on violence against children, A/61/299 (2007). www.unicef.org/violencestudy/reports/SG_violencestudy_en.pdf.
- UN Office for the Secretary General on children and armed conflict, Publications. www.childrenandarmedconflict.un.org/library/documents/publications/.
- WHO and International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, Preventing Child Maltreatment: A guide to taking action and generating evidence (2006). http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.ispcan.org/resource/resmgr/docs/preventing_child_maltreatmen.pdf.
K. Freedom from economic or sexual exploitation
(See also “Freedom from abuse, torture and ill-treatment”)
- ECPAT International. www.ecpat.net/EI/EI_publications.asp.
- ILO, A Future without Child Labour: Global Report (2002). www.ilo.org/global/publications/ilo-bookstore/order-online/books/WCMS_PUBL_9221124169_EN/lang–en/index.htm.
- Parker D and Bachman S, “Economic Exploitation and the Health of Children: Towards a Rights-Oriented Public Health Approach,” Health and Human Rights 5, no. 2 (2001):93-118. www.hhrjournal.org/archives-pdf/4065366.pdf.bannered.pdf.
- UN General Assembly, Child Participation as a key element in preventing and combating the sale and sexual exploitation of children, A/67/291 (2012). http://children.pan.org.za/node/9094.
- UN General Assembly, Report of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences, Thematic report on child slavery in the artisanal mining and quarrying sector, A/HRC/18/30 and Corr.1 (2011). www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Slavery/SRSlavery/Pages/AnnualReports.aspx.
- UN Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Children/Pages/ChildrenIndex.aspx.
- UN Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children. www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Trafficking/Pages/TraffickingIndex.aspx.
- UNICEF, Child Trafficking in the Nordic Countries: Rethinking strategies and national responses, Innocenti Insight (2012). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/654.
- UNICEF, “Corporate Social Responsibility: Advancing Children’s Rights in Business”. www.unicef.org/csr/.
- UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Handbook on the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution, and child pornography (2009). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/optional_protocol_eng.pdf.
L. Freedom from harmful traditional practices
- End FGM & Amnesty, Ending Female Genital Mutilation: A Strategy for the European Union Institutions (2010). www.endfgm.eu/content/assets/END_FGM_Final_Strategy.pdf.
- Freij LS, “Safe Age of Marriage” in Yemen, Fostering Change in Social Norms: A Case Study (USAID, June 2010). www.esdproj.org/site/DocServer/ESD_Legacy_Child_Marriage_6_24_10.pdf?docID=3564.
- Greiff S, No Justice in Justifications: Violence against Women in the Name of Culture, Religion and Tradition (The Global Campaign to Stop Killing and Stoning of Women, March 2010). www.wluml.org/sites/wluml.org/files/SKSW%20Policy%20Briefing%20Series%201_No%20Justice%20in%20Justifications_Greiff.pdf.
- Hervish A and Feldman-Jacobs C, Policy Brief: Who Speaks for Me? Ending Child Marriage (Population Reference Bureau, April 2011). www.prb.org/pdf11/ending-child-marriage.pdf.
- Ras-Work B, The impact of harmful traditional practices on the girl child (United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women & UNICEF, 2006). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/elim-disc-viol-girlchild/ExpertPapers/EP.4%20%20%20Raswork.pdf.
- UN Division for the Advancement of Women & Economic Commission for Africa, Good Practices In Legislation On “Harmful Practices” Against Women, Report of the Expert group meeting (May 26-29, 2009). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/vaw_legislation_2009/Report%20EGM%20harmful%20practices.pdf.
- UN General Assembly, Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children, Fact Sheet No. 23. www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/FactSheet23en.pdf.
- UN General Assembly, Report of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences, Thematic report on servile marriage, A/HRC/21/41 and Add.1 (2012). www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Slavery/SRSlavery/Pages/AnnualReports.aspx.
- UNICEF, Early Marriage: a harmful traditional practice (2005). www.unicef.org/publications/files/Early_Marriage_12.lo.pdf.
- UNICEF, Changing a Harmful Social Convention: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, Innocenti Digest 12 (2005). www.unicef-irc.org/publications/396
- UN Human Rights Council, Marriage without Consent: Girls’ & Women’s Human Rights (2010). www.wunrn.com/powerpoint/forced_marriage.pps.
- Violence Is Not Our Culture (VNC) Campaign. www.violenceisnotourculture.org/resources. [UN and non-UN resources on criminalization of female sexuality, stoning of women, child marriage, rape and other topics].
- Women Living Under Muslim Laws (WLUML). www.wluml.org/section/resource/.
- WHO, Female Genital Mutilation: An Interagency Statement (2008). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw52/statements_missions/Interagency_Statement_on_Eliminating_FGM.pdf.
M. Key Populations – Children with disabilities
- Ellery F, Lansdowne G and Csaky C, Out from the Shadows: Sexual Violence against Children with Disabilities (London: Save the Children, 2011).
- Lord J and deFranco A, “The Human Rights of Children with Disabilities” in HUMAN RIGHTS. YES! Action and Advocacy on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2nd ed., Human Rights Education Series: Topic Book 6 (2008). www1.umn.edu/humanrts/edumat/hreduseries/HR-YES/contents.html.
- Pineda V, It’s About Ability: An explanation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNICEF, 2008). www.unicef.org/rightsite/files/itsaboutabilitychildfriendly.pdf.
- UNICEF, Children and Disability in Transition in CEE/CIS and Baltic States, Innocenti Insight 12 (2005). Available in Russian. www.unicef-irc.org/publications/387.
- UNICEF, Promoting the Rights of Children with Disabilities, Innocenti Digest 13 (2007). Available in Russian. www.unicef-irc.org/publications/474.
- WHO and World Bank, World Report on Disability (2011). http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789240685215_eng.pdf.
N. Key Populations – Children living with HIV
(See also Chapter 2: HIV, AIDS, and Human Rights)
- Binagwaho A et al., “A question of maturity: participation, decision-making and rights of children in the context of HIV/AIDS”, Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies 6, no. 4 (2011), 293–300. www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17450128.2011.626467.
- Binagwaho A et al., “Adolescents and the right to health: eliminating age-related barriers to HIV/AIDS services in Rwanda”, AIDS Care 24, no. 7 (2012):936-42. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22292484.
- Richter L and Rama S, Building Resilience: A rights-based approach to children and HIV/AIDS in Africa (Save the Children, 2006). http://resourcecentre.savethechildren.se/content/library/documents/building-resilience-rights-based-approach-children-and-hivaids-africa.
- UNAIDS and OHCHR, International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: 2006 Consolidated Version (2006). http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub07/jc1252-internguidelines_en.pdf.
- UNESCO, “HIV and AIDS: Human Rights: Young People.” www.unesco.org/new/en/hiv-and-aids/our-priorities-in-hiv/human-rights/young-people/.
- UNICEF, “Children and HIV/AIDS”, www.unicef.org/aids/index.html.
- UNICEF et al., Second global consultation on service provision for adolescents living with HIV (2010).
- WHO, “Treatment of children living with HIV”. www.who.int/hiv/topics/paediatric/en/index.html.
- WHO, UNAIDS and OHCHR, HIV: Stand Up for Human Rights (2010). www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/HIVAIDSCartoonen.pdf.
O. Key Populations – Stateless and migrating children
- Bhabha J, Moving Children: Child Migration in the 21st Century (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013).
- Global Migration Group, “Migration and Children”.
- Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants (PICUM), “Undocumented Children”. www.picum.org/en/our-work/themes/undocumented-children.
- UN Commission on Human Rights, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Migrant women and unaccompanied children, E/CN.4/2005/85 (2005). http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G05/100/50/PDF/G0510050.pdf.
- UN Human Rights Council, Study of the OHCHR on challenges and best practices in the implementation of the international framework for the protection of the rights of the child in the context of migration, A/HRC/15/29 (2010). www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/docs/15session/A.HRC.15.29_en.pdf.
- UN Human Rights Council, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrant, The protection of children in the context of migration, A/64/213 (2009). http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/chr/sessions/61/lisdocs.htm
- UN Human Rights Council, Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrant, Protection of children in the context of migration.
- A/HRC/17/33 (2011). http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/alldocs.aspx?doc_id=18600
- A/HRC/11/7 (2009). http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/alldocs.aspx?doc_id=15680
P. Key Populations – Children in conflict with the law (juvenile justice)
(See also “Freedom from abuse, torture and ill-treatment”)
- American Bar Association, Adolescence, Brain Development and Legal Culpability, Juvenile Justice Center (2004). www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/publishing/criminal_justice_section_newsletter/crimjust_juvjus_Adolescence.authcheckdam.pdf.
- Amnesty International, All Children Have Rights: End unfair prosecutions of children under anti-terrorism legislation in Turkey (2010). www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/EUR44/011/2010.
- Defence for Children International, “Juvenile Justice Resources”. www.defenceforchildren.org/juvenile-justice/jj-resources.html.
- Juvenile Defense Network, Adolescent Brain Development (2010), www.youthadvocacydepartment.org/jdn/resourcedocs/1.%20Quick%20Reference.pdf.
- Scott E and Steinberg L, Rethinking juvenile justice (Harvard University Press, 2008).
- UN Inter-Agency Coordination Panel on Juvenile Justice, Protecting the Rights of Children in Conflict with the Law (2005). www.unicef.org/eapro/InterAgency_Panel_Best_Practices.pdf.
- UN Rule of Law and UNICEF, UN Common Approach to Justice for Children (2008). www.unrol.org/doc.aspx?n=UNCommonApproachJfCFinal.doc.
- The Alliance Youth: www.alliance-youth.org.
- Amnesty International: www.amnesty.org.
- Amnesty UK, Children’s Human Rights Network: www.amnesty.org.uk/chrn.
- Arab Council for Childhood and Development (ACCD): http://english.arabccd.org.
- CARE: www.care.org.
- Center for the Human Rights of Children, Loyola University: www.luc.edu/chrc.
- Center for Reproductive Rights, “Young People’s Rights”: www.reproductiverights.org/en/our-issues/young-peoples-rights.
- Child Rights Information Network (CRIN): www.crin.org.
- Child Rights Coalition Asia: www.childrightscoalitionasia.org.
- Council of Europe, “Children’s Rights”: www.coe.int/t/commissioner/activities/themes/Children/childrensrights_en.asp.
- Defence for Children International: www.defenceforchildren.org.
- ECPAT International (End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography & Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes): www.ecpat.net.
- Every Woman Every Child: www.everywomaneverychild.org.
- FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard University: www.harvardfxb.org.
- GAVI Alliance (formerly Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization): www.gavialliance.org.
- Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN): www.gainhealth.org.
- Human Rights Education Associates (HREA): www.hrea.org/index.php?base_id=114.
- Human Rights Watch: www.hrw.org/topics.
- International Children’s Palliative Care Network: www.icpcn.org.uk.
- International Labour Organization (ILO), “Child Labour”: www.ilo.org/global/topics/child-labour.
- International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN): www.ispcan.org.
- Latin American and Caribbean Network for Children / Red Latinoamericana y caribería por la defensa de los derechos de los niños, niñas y adolescentes (REDLAMYC): www.redlamyc.info.
- Millennium Development Goals: www.un.org/millenniumgoals.
- Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH): www.pmnch.org.
- Plan International: www.planusa.org.
- Because I Am A Girl campaign: www.becauseiamagirl.ca.
- Population Council, “Poverty, Gender and Youth”: www.popcouncil.org/what/pgy.asp.
- Save the Children: www.savethechildren.org.
- Terre des Hommes International Federation: www.terredeshommes.org.
- UNESCO, “Youth”: www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/themes/youth.
- UNICEF: www.unicef.org.
- UN Population Fund (UNFPA): www.unfpa.org.
- United Nations
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- Youth RISE: www.youthrise.org.