Children’s Health Resources

A. International Instruments

Binding

  • International Labour Organization, Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment, No. 138 (1973). www.ilocarib.org.tt/projects/cariblex/conventions_6.shtml.
  • International Labour Organization, Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, No. 182 (1999). www.ilocarib.org.tt/projects/cariblex/conventions_9.shtml.
  • UN General Assembly, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Resolution 44/25, A/44/49 (1989).
    www.unicef.org/crc/.
  • UN General Assembly, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflicts, Resolution 54/263, UN Doc. A/54/49, Vol. III (2000). http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/OPACCRC.aspx
  • UN General Assembly, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Resolution 54/263, UN Doc. A/54/49, Vol. III (2000). http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/OPSCCRC.aspx
  • UN General Assembly, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (2000). www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/CTOC/index.html.

Nonbinding

  • League of Nations, Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child (September 26, 1924). www.un-documents.net/gdrc1924.htm.
  • UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Decisions. www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/decisions.htm.
      • Children in armed conflict, no. 1 (1998);
      • Administration of juvenile justice, no. 2 (1999);
      • Children without parental care, no. 7 (2004).
  • UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comments. www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/comments.htm.
      • The aims of education, no. 1 (2001);
      • The role of independent human rights institutions, no. 2 (2002);
      • HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child, no. 3 (2003);
      • Adolescent Health, no. 4 (2003);
      • General measures of implementation for the Convention on the Rights of the Child, no. 5 (2003);
      • Treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside their country of origin, no. 6 (2005);
      • Implementing child rights in early childhood, no. 7/Rev.1 (2005);
      • The right of the child to protection from corporal punishment and other cruel or degrading forms of punishment, no. 8 (2006);
      • The rights of children with disabilities, no. 9 (2006);
      • Children’s rights in Juvenile Justice, no. 10 (2007);
      • Indigenous children and their rights under the Convention, no. 11 (2009);
      • The right of the child to be heard, no. 12 (2009);
      • The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence, no. 13 (2011);
      • The right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (Article. 24), no. 15 (2013);
      • On State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children’s rights, no. 16 (2013);
      • The right of the child to rest, leisure, play, recreational activities, cultural life and the arts, no. 17 (2013).
  • UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Recommendations. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/discussion.htm.
      • Children in armed conflict (1992);
      • Economic exploitation (1993);
      • Role of the family (1994);
      • The girl child (1995); Juvenile justice (1995);
      • The child and the media (1996);
      • Children with disabilities (1997);
      • HIV/AIDS (1998);
      • 10th Anniversary: General measures of implementation (1999);
      • State violence against children (2000);
      • Violence against children within the family and in school (2001);
      • The private sector as a service provider (2002);
      • The rights of indigenous children (2003);
      • Implementing child rights in early childhood (2004);
      • Children without parental care (2005);
      • The right of the child to be heard (2006);
      • Resources for the Rights of the Child:
      • Responsibility of States (2007);
      • The right of the child to education in emergency situations (2008).
  • UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, Statements. www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/crc/statement.htm.
  • UN General Assembly, Declaration of the Rights of the Child, Resolution 1386 (XIV) (December 10, 1959).
    www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/humanrights/resources/child.asp.
  • UN General Assembly, Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationally, Resolution 41/85 (December 3, 1986). www.un.org/documents/ga/res/41/a41r085.htm.
  • UN General Assembly, A World Fit for Children, adopted by the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children (May 10, 2002). www.unicef.org/specialsession/wffc/index.html.
  • UN General Assembly, Millennium Development Goals. www.un.org/millenniumgoals/bkgd.shtml.
    • United Nations Millennium Declaration, Resolution 55/2 (September 18, 2000).
    • Keeping the promise: united to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, Resolution 65/1 (October 19, 2010).
  • UN General Assembly, Working Towards the Elimination of Crimes Against Women and Girls Committed in the Name of Honour, Resolution A/C.3/59/L.25 (October 15, 2004). www.wunrn.com/reference/crimes_honor.htm.
  • UN Human Rights Council, Rights of the child: a holistic approach to the protection and promotion of the rights of children working and/or living on the street, A/HRC/RES/16/12 (2011). http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/alldocs.aspx?doc_id=18540
  • UN Human Rights Council, Preventable maternal mortality and morbidity and human rights, Resolution 11/8 (June 17, 2009). http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/E/HRC/resolutions/A_HRC_RES_11_8.pdf.
  • UNICEF, Cape Town Principles and Best Practices, adopted at the Symposium on the Prevention of Recruitment of Children into the Armed Forces and Demobilization and Social Reintegration of Child Soldiers in Africa (April 1997). www.unicef.org/emerg/files/Cape_Town_Principles(1).pdf.
  • UNICEF, UN Global Compact and Save the Children – the Children’s Rights and Business Principles (the Principles) (2011). www.unicef.org/csr/12.htm.
  • WHO, Female Genital Mutilation: A Joint WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA Statement (July 1997). www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/csw52/statements_missions/Interagency_Statement_on_Eliminating_FGM.pdf.

B. Regional Instruments

Binding

Nonbinding

C. Human Rights & Children – General Resources

D. Right to the highest attainable standard of health

E. Right to life, survival and development

F. Right to express views and have them taken into account

G. Right to information; Right to sexual and reproductive health
and education

H. Right to education

(See also Chapter 7: Minority Health and Human Rights)

I. Right to an adequate standard of living and social security services

J. Freedom from abuse, torture and ill-treatment

(See also “Key Populations: Juvenile Justice”)

K. Freedom from economic or sexual exploitation

(See also “Freedom from abuse, torture and ill-treatment”)

L. Freedom from harmful traditional practices

M. Key Populations – Children with disabilities

N. Key Populations – Children living with HIV

(See also Chapter 2: HIV, AIDS, and Human Rights)

O. Key Populations – Stateless and migrating children

P. Key Populations – Children in conflict with the law (juvenile justice)

(See also “Freedom from abuse, torture and ill-treatment”)

Q. Websites